Academic honesty

Authenticity and original authorship:

An authentic piece of work is one that is based on the student’s individual and original ideas with the ideas and work of others fully acknowledged. Therefore, all assignments, written or oral, completed by a student for assessment must wholly and authentically use that student’s own language and expression.

Where sources are used or referred to, they must be fully and appropriately acknowledged, whether they are in the form of direct quotation, always enclosed within quotation marks, or paraphrase: the rendition of another person’s words presented in a new style and integrated grammatically into the writing.

Intellectual property and ownership of creative material:

There are many different forms of intellectual property, such as patents, registered designs, trademarks, moral rights and copyright. All forms of intellectual and creative expression (for example, works of literature, art or music) must be respected and are normally protected by law.


Using the words and ideas of another person to support one’s arguments while following accepted practices is an integral part of any intellectual endeavour, and integrating these words and ideas with one’s own in accepted ways is an important academic skill.


All ideas and work of other persons, regardless of their source, must be acknowledged;
CD-Rom, e-mail messages, web sites on the Internet and any other electronic media must be treated in the same way as books and journals;
The sources of all photographs, maps, illustrations, computer programs, data, graphs, audio-visual and similar material must be acknowledged if they are not the candidate's own work;
Passages that are quoted verbatim must be enclosed within quotation marks and references provided;
The source of an idea if that idea emerged as a result of discussion with, or listening to, a fellow student, a teacher or any other person must be acknowledged as well.
It is not sufficient to simply list sources in a bibliography or in footnotes. There are several standard ways of acknowledgement - consult your teacher for the most suitable format.
The student is ultimately responsible for ensuring that all work submitted for assessment is authentic, with the work or ideas of others fully and correctly acknowledged.